It all started with an exhibition in France: Salon d'Automne (1905).
This was a large hall with in the middle a bust and Fauvistic works around it. An artcritic said something about it: "La candeur de ce buste surprend au milieu de l'orgie des tons purs: Donatello parmi les fauves."
What means something like: It looks like a Donatello in a room filled with savages. (Donatello was a classic sculptor with sculptures in the style of the Greek)
So fauvism comes from the French word fauve, what savage means.
-bright, wild colours
-make things more abstract
There is a list of Fauvistic artists but I'll show you a few of the most well-known.
You can see his evolution.
Harmony in Red
King of Sorrow
The sheaf (I don't know of this is the right translation)
Landscape at Estaque
The viaduct of Estaque (although this is more kubism)
Charing Cross Bridge (London)
You can see that I like Matisse the most. When I was little he was one of my favourite artists! Because of his colours probably ;)